The tamarind is a long-lived, medium-growth, bushy tree, which attains a maximum crown height of 12 to 18 meters (40 to 60 feet). The crown has an irregular, vase-shaped outline of dense foliage. The fruit is sometimes called a pod, 12 to 15 cm (3 to 6 inches) in length, with a hard, brown shell.
The fruit has a fleshy, juicy, pulp. It is mature when the flesh is colored brown or reddish-brown. The tamarinds of Asia have longer pods containing six to 12 seeds, whereas African and West Indian varieties have short pods containing one to six seeds. The seeds are somewhat flattened, and glossy brown.
The tamarind is best described as sweet and sour in taste, and is high in acid, sugar, B vitamins and calcium. Tamarind is a common ingredient all over Sri Lanka, India and South-East Asia in curries, “rasam”, chutneys, as well as in vegetable and lentil recipes. The pulp is also favored in “hot and sour” soups as well in marinades. The juice made of tamarind pulp with addition of dates sugar, honey, cardamom, cloves, and coriander seeds are a refreshing drink marketed in different parts of the world. Its pulp is also used in confectionaries as solidifying agent.
Sri Lanka began to export tamarind products, mainly in the form of pulp, in 1991 when 3360 tons were exported to Pakistan, at a value of Sri Lankan Rs 24.5 million. The export quantities gradually increased and reached 6903 tons in 1997 at Rs 76.96 million. Although the export quantities have tended to fluctuate, tamarind as an export crop is becoming well established. Sri Lankan exports are mainly to Pakistan (> 90%), UAE (> 4%), Saudi Arabia, India, Canada, Australia, Egypt, Norway, Lebanon and Switzerland (About 6%).
At Tradenet, we export Fresh Golden brown Tamarind with seeds from Sri Lanka as well as from Indonesia mainly to our buyers in Pakistan. Our quality of fresh tamarind has always been the number one quality in Pakistani Market because of its’ freshness, Golden color and fine packing. The main season for Sri Lankan Tamarind is from February-June and Indonesian Tamarind from September to December every year.
Sri Lanka – Packed in 10 kg blocks in polythene and such 6 blocks goes into a gunny bag of 60 kgs. Load ability per 1x20’ fcl is 23 tons and loaded in dry containers.
Indonesia – Packed in 50 kg polythene and then into white PP bag. Load ability per 1x20’ fcl is 25 tons and loaded in dry containers.